What Are the 4 Stages of Periodontal Disease?

What Are the 4 Stages of Periodontal Disease?

December 1, 2022

Brushing and flossing your teeth is vital for maintaining healthy teeth and gums. However, proper oral hygiene is insufficient to keep periodontal disease at bay. Regular dental visits are essential as the union dentist can remove hard plaque through deep cleanings. Your soft-bristled toothbrush cannot reach the deep crevices in your teeth, but deep cleaning can.

Failure to go for regular dental checkups might lead to plaque buildup on teeth leading to gingivitis. When gingivitis is left unchecked, it advances to periodontitis. This piece will help you know more about the stages of periodontal disease.

What is Periodontal Disease?

Periodontal disease, also dental or gum disease, is caused by a bacterial infection in your gums. The bacterial infection is brought forth by food debris that is left between teeth. The food debris, when mixed with saliva containing acid and naturally occurring bacteria, leads to plaque formation on your teeth.

When you don’t brush and floss your teeth as recommended by the periodontal dentist in Union, it leads to the hardening of the plaque, known as tartar. Gradually, the tartar pushes your gums away from the teeth, leading to gum pockets forming.

It is in the gum pockets that the bacteria begin to build up and spread. There are symptoms which are associated with gum disease. If left untreated, you might start having painful and swollen gums. On top of that, you might notice you have bad breath even after brushing your teeth. Another symptom is whenever you brush your teeth; you might notice your gums are soft and tender, which might lead to bleeding.

When gum disease advances, it can lead to tooth decay, loose teeth, and finally, losing your natural teeth. Moreover, there has been a correlation between periodontal disease and respiratory infections. This dental disease can also spread the bacteria from your oral cavity to the rest of the body through blood. Heart disease and diabetes can also worsen with periodontal disease.

Now that periodontal disease is, it is imperative to know its stages.

Keep on reading to learn the 4 stages of periodontal disease.


Gingivitis is caused by the accumulation of plaque on the teeth’s surfaces. The bad thing about gingivitis is that it is a mild disease, so you will not experience any symptoms. This is why you should go for regular dental checkups, as the dentist can identify gingivitis before it progresses.

Nevertheless, if you go for gum disease treatment in Union, NJ, the dentist can treat gingivitis with few complications. On top of that, the dentist will show you how to brush and floss your teeth well to prevent plaque buildup.

Mild Periodontal Disease

If gingivitis is left untreated, it advances to periodontal disease, which is mild. This mild periodontal disease is brought about by the bacterial infection reaching the periodontal ligaments and bones of the patient. At this stage, the bacteria become lethal to the patient’s oral cavity as it leads to reduce bone tissue and bone loss.

Sadly, it becomes challenging to reverse the effects of a periodontal disease once it has reached this stage. The dentist can only try and control the spread of the infection. The treatment process entails deep cleaning the teeth, roots and gums in a process called scaling.

The dentist will also recommend root planing. This treatment involves smoothening the grooves and crevices of your tooth’s roots. Root planing is essential as it allows your gums to heal and reduces gum inflammation.

Moderate Periodontal Disease

It is challenging to know which stage the periodontal disease has reached as it has symptoms similar to mild periodontal disease. Nonetheless, the bacteria have spread deep inside your tooth roots, tissues and gums at this stage.

Advanced Periodontal Disease

As the name indicates, gum disease is at its critical stage. You will experience tooth sensitivity when you take hot and cold foods and drinks here. Additionally, you will notice pus oozing from your gums, and the gums will be pushed further away from your teeth. The gum recession will have led to your teeth being loose. Moreover, your jawbone will have reduced significantly due to the infection.

You might also get inflammation-related diseases and sepsis. At this stage of periodontal disease, you will have to head to Emerald Dental Spa so that the dentist can perform surgery to remove the affected tissues in your mouth to prevent the spread of the infection.

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